Agreement for Bringing Peace to Afghanistan Wiki

Western officials and analysts have estimated the strength of Taliban forces at about 10,000 fighters deployed at any given time. [When?] Of these, only 2,000 to 3,000 were highly motivated full-time insurgents. [Citation needed] The others were volunteer units made up of young Afghans, angered by the deaths of Afghan civilians in military airstrikes and the US detention of Muslim prisoners held for years without charge. [238] In 2007, more foreign fighters came to Afghanistan than ever before, according to officials. About 100 to 300 main fighters were foreigners, many of whom came from Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Chechnya, various Arab countries, and perhaps even Turkey and western China. They would have been more violent, uncontrollable and extreme, often bringing superior skills in video production or bomb making. [239] In 2010, the Taliban had up to 25,000 dedicated soldiers, almost as many as before 9/11. [240] Under the Taliban, it was widely seen as a victory to bring the world`s strongest military power to the humble point of retreating. A day before the signing ceremony at Doha`s Sheraton Hotel, the Taliban`s multimedia chief described it as a historic landmark to announce «the defeat of the White House`s arrogance at the hands of the white turban.» The UN Security Council reported in July 2021 that members of al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) are still present in up to 15 Afghan provinces and are operating under Taliban protection in Kandahar, Helmand and Nimroz provinces in violation of the Doha Agreement.

[115] [116] [117] The agreement signed in Doha, Qatar, which follows more than a year of negotiations and ostensibly excluded the U.S.-backed Afghan government, is not a final peace agreement, is full of ambiguities, and could still be dissolved. The two Afghan presidents after the 2001 invasion, Hamid Karzai and Ashraf Ghani, both criticized the «abrupt» withdrawal of US troops from the country as a catalyst for the Taliban`s advance, with Karzai calling on the US to «end this failed mission». [216] [217] At the 2021 Raisina Dialogue, Mohammad Javad Zarif, Iran`s foreign minister, said the withdrawal was a welcome step, adding that foreign troops could not bring peace to Afghanistan. [218] «It`s really about Trump`s burning desire to leave Afghanistan and say, hey, I ended the eternal war, you know, I can claim credit for it,» she says. «I keep saying it`s a low threshold for peace and a low threshold for ending war.» Following Ghani`s offer of unconditional peace talks with the Taliban, a growing peace movement emerged in Afghanistan in 2018, particularly after a peace march by the People`s Peace Movement,[417] which the Afghan media dubbed the «Helmand Peace Convoy.» [418] [419] Protesters marched several hundred kilometers from Lashkar Gah in Helmand province through the Taliban-controlled area[420] to Kabul. There, they met with Ghani and staged sit-ins in front of the UN aid mission in Afghanistan and neighboring embassies. [421] Their efforts have inspired other movements in other parts of Afghanistan. [422] As of January 2018, the Taliban were openly active in 70 percent of the country (they had full control of 14 districts and have an active and open physical presence in 263 others) and the Islamic State was more active than ever in the country. In the wake of attacks by the Taliban (including the January 27 ambulance bombing in Kabul that killed more than 100 people) and the Islamic State, which killed dozens of civilians, President Trump and Afghan officials decided to rule out any talks with the Taliban. [403] However, on February 27, 2018, after an increase in violence, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani proposed unconditional peace talks with the Taliban, offering them recognition as a legal political party and the release of Taliban prisoners. The offer was the cheapest for the Taliban since the beginning of the war. This was preceded by months of nationwide consensus-building, during which it was found that Afghans overwhelmingly supported a negotiated end to the war.

[404] [405] Two days earlier, the Taliban had called for talks with the United States, saying, «Now America and its allies must determine that the Afghan issue cannot be resolved militarily. From now on, America must focus on a peaceful strategy for Afghanistan instead of war. [406] On March 27, 2018, a conference of 20 countries in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, supported the Afghan government`s peace offer. [407] The Taliban do not publicly respond to Ghani`s offer. [Citation needed] Observers argued that the mission in Afghanistan was hampered by a lack of agreement on targets, a lack of resources, a lack of coordination, too much attention to the central government at the expense of local and provincial governments, and too much attention to the country rather than the region. [543] The Taliban took control of various cities in June and July. On August 6, they conquered the first provincial capital, Zaranj. Over the next ten days, they swept across the country, seizing one capital after another. On August 14, Mazar-i-Sharif was captured when commanders Rashid Dostum and Atta Nur fled across the border to Uzbekistan, cutting off the vital supply route from northern Kabul. In the early morning of the 15th century. In August, Jalalabad fell and cut off the only remaining international route through the Khyber Pass.

[480] At noon, Taliban troops advanced from the Paghman district and reached the gates of Kabul; President Ashraf Ghani discussed protecting the city with security ministers, while sources said a one-time peace deal with the Taliban was imminent. However, Ghani was unable to reach senior officials from the interior and defense ministries, and several high-ranking politicians had already rushed to the airport. At 14:00.m. the Taliban had entered the city without resistance; The president quickly fled the presidential palace by helicopter, and a few hours later, Taliban fighters were depicted sitting at Ghani`s office in the palace. [481] With the de facto collapse of the republic, the Taliban declared the end of the war on the same day. [482] Plans of the United States. The start of peace talks with the Taliban on June 19, 2013, led to the suspension of bilateral security talks between the United States and Afghanistan. [62] [63] «At an extraordinary session chaired by President Hamid Karzai, the president decided to suspend talks on a security pact with the United States because of his inconsistent statements and actions regarding the peace process,» spokesman Aimal Faizi told Reuters. [64] Secretary of State John Kerry discussed the outbreak with Mr. Karzai in phone calls on June 19, 2013, Afghan and U.S.

officials said, as part of the latest round of crisis diplomacy between Washington and the curious Afghan leader. [63] Negotiations on the Bilateral Security Agreement (BCA) began in early 2013 and, once completed, will determine the form of the U.S. military presence in Afghanistan for years to come. [64] Security talks between the United States. and Afghanistan would ensure that a limited number of military instructors and counter-terrorism forces remain in the country. The talks were complicated by several disagreements, including over the immunity that US troops would enjoy from Afghan laws. [63] Speaking to reporters a few days before the suspension, Gen. Joseph Dunford, commander of the US-led coalition, said, «The bilateral security agreement is essential to any presence after 2014. It must therefore be taken seriously on both sides. [63] It was not clear how long Afghan President Karzai would withdraw from security talks with the United States in order to make arrangements to maintain a small U.S.

presence in the country after the withdrawal of the last NATO troops in 2014. [65] From late June to mid-July 2005, U.S. Navy Seals conducted Operation Red Wings as a joint military operation in Kunar Province. The mission aimed to crush the local Taliban under the leadership of Ahmad Shah, bring stability and facilitate elections to the Afghan parliament scheduled for September 2005. The operation was a Pyrrhic victory for the coalition, with only one survivor (dramatized in the 2013 film Lone Survivor) and 19 dead. [180] [181] [182] Operation Whalers completed work a few weeks later. Taliban activities decreased significantly and Shah was seriously injured. Shah was unable to conduct major operations in Kunar or neighboring provinces after Operation Whalers. [181] [183] Afghanistan is the first country to be granted Major Non-NATO Ally (MNNA) status by Barack Obama`s administration. [55] The amendment, which takes effect immediately, facilitates Kabul`s purchase of U.S. military equipment and simplifies arms export procedures. [56] Clinton said, «There are a number of benefits that benefit countries that have this designation.

For example, they are able to access surplus defence equipment and may be part of certain types of training and capacity building. [52] The privileges of MNNA status also include eligibility for training, the loan of equipment for cooperative research and development, and ultimately foreign military funding for the commercial leasing of certain defence equipment. [57] «We see this as a strong symbol of our commitment to the future of Afghanistan,» Clinton said at a news conference after talks with President Hamid Karzai. .

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